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К Хейлу можно вернуться чуть позже? Халохот рано принялся считать цыплят. Это была вынужденная мера? Тридцатью метрами ниже горел купол шифровалки.

 
 

 

– Windows sql server 2012 standard price free

 

You are a database professional considering or implementing a move to SQL Server from your current database configuration. You’ve heard horror stories about the SQL Server licensing model – double the cost, double the complexity.

You need to find the best-value to convince your management that the move to SQL Server will be worth the money. But how do you explain the licensing model to others in a clear, easy-to-understand way? In this tip I intend to explain the SQL Server licensing consideration by consideration, briefly and without ambiguity if I actually achieve this aim, please leave comments at the end of this tip.

With the introduction of SQL ServerMicrosoft has overhauled their existing per-processor licensing model to recognize that many customers are now using multi-core servers in both physical and virtual configurations.

Unfortunately they haven’t been very clear about the licensing differences, with pages upon pages of marketing bumpf aimed at purchasers and not professionals.

Awash with buzzwords and over-hyped fad terms you say ‘cloud’, I say ‘someone else’s server’ the overall effect is to confuse rather than enlighten.

Consider this extract from their main page on SQL Server licensing [1]:. In the sections below, I will start with models of delivering licenses and move through the various considerations, such as support model, license type, virtualization, high-availability solutions, licensing for previous versions, and mention some of the rules that apply in different circumstances.

Links are provided at the end of the /13898.txt for further reading. This section will deal with how licensing is delivered. Volume Licensing is aimed at business, from small companies to large enterprises.

Volume licensing also goes windows sql server 2012 standard price free with Software Assurance SAan additional Microsoft product that applies to volume licenses adobe premiere pro cs6 plugins pack free many different products and that allows different levels of support depending on the level purchased. Volume licensing is ideal when considering larger infrastructures, with more than a trivial number of servers.

Retail Licensing, on the other hand, is fairly straightforward. It’s important to note that there are restrictions on retail licensing – only the Business Intelligence, Standard and Developer Editions of SQL Server are available through this model.

Software Assurance contracts are not available with retail licensing. Since Volume Licensing is the most common model, the remainder of this article will focus on this channel. Specifications and pricing are normally handled by the third-party. The Open Value license is designed for small-to-medium organizations windows sql server 2012 standard price free have five or more desktop PCs.

The agreement is designed to lower up-front costs for software and lasts for two windows sql server 2012 standard price free. The minimum license spend is for five licenses, but the program follows a pay-as-you-go model with the option to add or remove them at any time. The Select and Select Plus programs are designed for midsize organizations with a distributed infrastructure. They support affiliate licensing and include Software Assurance.

They have one differing feature – the Select license expires after three years, but the Select Plus license has no expiry date, allowing the organization to benefit from fixed pricing and favorable contractual terms beyond the initial contractual period. In all other feature areas, Select and Select Plus are identical.

The final group includes Software Assurance as standard. Features include volume pricing – significantly lower than for other agreements – inclusive SA, windows sql server 2012 standard price free service support, license management assistance, lower up-front costs and flexible subscriptions.

EA is the standard agreement where licensing needs are driven by the organization and can be thought of as a one-size-fits-all solution. The type of licensing you will purchase will be dependent on the edition of SQL Server which you purchase, which will be dependent on the features you expect from SQL Server.

SQL Server comes in the following editions:. Each edition has limitations on the licensing models that can be used to purchase it. Please see my interpretation below, illustrating which licensing models can be used with which editions. The Express and Compact Editions are free, and do not require licenses.

Microsoft also provides a table with this information in the document entitled ‘SQL Server Licensing Reference Guide’, which is linked to at the end of this tip. Follow the arrows in the diagram below from your desired edition of SQL Server or from your current licensing model to find which editions or licensing models are suitable for you:.

Each edition of SQL Server differs windows sql server 2012 standard price free features. For example, Developer Edition has all the features of Enterprise Edition, but cannot be used in a commercial environment.

Standard Edition does not include features such as table partitioning, online index rebuilds or backup compression. Express Edition will handle databases up to 10GB in size only. Since the focus of this discussion is on licensing models rather than a blow-by-blow account of feature differences between editions, please see the More Links section for information on the different features of SQL Server and how they compare in order to make windows sql server 2012 standard price free best choice of edition for your organization’s needs.

The document ‘What’s New in SQL Server ‘ has a good summary of new features and their availability between versions, while those of you familiar with these restrictions in R2 and below will note that most restrictions still apply. See below for Microsoft’s one-page summary of the feature sets that come with Enterprise, Business Intelligence and Standard Editions note this is not a complete list :. For example, if your organization employs people, 20 of whom work in the Finance department which has two SQL Server installations on two separate servers, 2 server licenses and 20 CALs would be required.

Starting withMicrosoft recognized 7 installation media usb shift onto по этой ссылке computing, where two or more cores are used for parallelism and better efficiency on production IT systems. Microsoft decided to capitalize on this and protect the licensing fees which would arguably suffer as focus shifted from increasing the number of processors to increasing the number of cores.

The new core-based system means each core used in a SQL Server installation must be licensed separately with some exceptions, see below.

These licenses are sold in ‘packs’ of two windows sql server 2012 standard price free one pack of two is roughly equivalent in price to the older per-processor license. Thus, although more licenses are required and other factors such as price adjustment and inflation have affected the pricethere may not be a significant difference to the overall price when relicensing fordepending on your circumstances.

Note that hyper threading is ignored for core licensing purposes when licensing physical servers. However – something called ‘Core Factor’ comes into play here. Core factor refers to the factor one must multiply by when determining the licenses required, depending on the type of processor one has. AMD processors are licensed differently from Intel ones. And non-Intel, non-AMD processors are licensed differently still. Here are the rules:. Note that when ordering the licenses, you must divide the number of licenses by two to determine how many ‘packs’ to order.

Don’t order double the amount you need by accident! As you can see, this isn’t an entirely fair model. A four-core Intel processor requires 16 licenses even though performance-wise it will be thoroughly outstripped by two processors with two cores each, due to increased parallelism.

For this reason, in a single-core architecture, you may wish to make sacrifices with e. Microsoft stipulate that for those customers installing SQL Server in virtual environments, a core license is required for every virtual core in the virtual environment больше на странице is supported by one hardware thread this means physical processor core OR hyperthread.

Be very wary when using hyperthreading on physical machines that support VMs, as windows sql server 2012 standard price free costs can double despite having no additional physical computing power! This means that if there exists a VM with multiple virtual cores, one license is required for each virtual core even if supported by fewer hardware windows sql server 2012 standard price free than cores. However, if multiple hardware threads are supporting fewer cores, one license is required for each hardware thread.

Core factoring does not apply for VMs. There is a minimum four licenses required per VM regardless of VM cores. In example number 3 above, the VM is under provisioned against the physical machine so you may wish to add more VMs so that VM core licensing is appropriate to get better value for or even save moneyor turn off hyperthreading, or go for maximum virtualization see below for more details to remove the need to license per core on each VM. Note that physical licensing wins out over virtual licensing.

Microsoft call this ‘Licensing for Maximum Virtualization’ and enables you to disregard your VM cores, windows sql server 2012 standard price free should you decide to have more VM cores than physical ones you will not necessarily be penalized.

So if you decide to physically license your cores even though you’re running VMs, you will be able to run SQL Server in VMs up to a maximum number equal to the number of physical core licenses you hold. For example, if you have a large server with 8 processors, 6 cores per processor, you will require 48 core licenses. But this will allow you to run up to 48 VMs with an unlimited number of cores per VM.

If you wanted dual-core VMs, under the virtualization core licensing model you would be required to purchase 96 licenses, but by purchasing core licenses for the physical processors you could be required to purchase half that amount. If SA is purchased on Enterprise Edition and all physical core licenses are purchased, the one-license-per-VM rule is waived and customers are allowed to use an unlimited number of instances on an unlimited number of VMs on that server.

Also note that for Parallel Data Warehouse Edition, these rules are slightly different. PDW is used primarily in multi-stack servers with multiple nodes, called ‘compute nodes’, similar to clustering. Each cluster node is licensed as if it were a separate physical server. The rules change slightly when considering mirroring and High-Availability, but the rules for this are quite simple.

Only one passive node is waived for licensing purposes per active node. If multiple passive nodes are used, licensing on all but one of these passive nodes is required. With the License Mobility benefit available under Software Assurance, customers can reassign licenses between servers as often as necessary within a server farm.

This may allow customers to be more flexible with their server and infrastructure configurations. Note that licensing is limited to server deployments with 20 cores in total or less per server, physical or otherwise – if any additional core licenses are required for your freshly-minted IBM behemoth, you will need to contact Microsoft directly for licensing assistance.

Подробнее на этой странице using Standard Edition or Business Intelligence edition, this limit is 16 cores per server.

As this author painfully windows sql server 2012 standard price free, most resellers and indeed Microsoft will no longer allow the purchase of volume licenses for SQL Server products below Edition. This means that even if your organization is intent on remaining on a pre edition of SQL Server, licensing rules including the core license requirements still windows sql server 2012 standard price free.

But SQL Standard supports maximum of 16 cores. If I purchase 16 core license, and install 2 instances of SQL with same license on same server, will it use all 32 cores of server or only 16 cores.

I am looking forward to implement ERP in my company. I want to use Microsoft Express edition free at my branch offices and for my head office, I will buy licensed solution. This is way better blog than others iexplorer 4 free free has shared much of the knowledge regarding the SQL licensing.

Hello, I work for one of the leading financial bank in North America. We are now migrating as much as we can from Microsoft sql server to other DBMS platforms like Oracle, my sql, db2 server. This is unfortunate that they have started let go sql dba as читать. I could not find the difference between the two cases and if they are the same which one is correct I think the one in windows sql server 2012 standard price free table isn’t?

Regarding SPLA vs. SQL Express – do you still have to pay for Express if you’re hosting commercial content?

 
 

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